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 Ash-Sharif ar-Razi says : The words in this sermon, “ like the rider of a camel” means to convey that when a camel rider is stiff in drawing up the rein then in this scuffle, the nostril gets bruised but if he lets it loose in spite of camel’s unruliness, it would throw him somewhere and would get out of control. “Ashnaq an-naqah” is used when the rider holds up the rein and raises the camel’s head upwards. In the same sense, the word, “shanaqa an-naqah” is used. Ibn as-Sikkit has mentioned this in Islah al-mantiq. Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) has said , “ ashanaqa  laha” instead of “ashnaqaha”; this is because , he has used this word in harmony (words rhyming with each other)  with “ aslasa  laha “ and harmony could be retained only by using both in the same form. Thus, Amir-ul-Momineen (AS) has used “ashanaqa  laha” as though in place of “ in rafa’a laha ra’saha” , that is: ”if he stops it by holding up the reins.”


                Note: The above paragraph is seeks to explain a controversy raised by several “scholars” who rejected the authenticity of this sermon and attributed the same to Syed Razi himself with technical details in Arabic language since the original sermon was obviously in Arabic.


1. This sermon is known as the sermon of “ash-shiqshiqiyyah” and is counted among the most famous sermons of Amir-ul-Momineen(AS). It is delivered at ar-Rahbah. Although some people have denied it to be Amir-ul-Momineen’s(AS) utterance and by attributing it to Sayed Razi( or Ash Sharif ar-Razi), have laid blame on his acknowledged integrity, yet truth loving scholars have denied its veracity. Nor can there be any ground for this denial because Ali’s (AS) difference of view in the matter of caliphate is not a secret matter, so that such hints should be regarded as something alien. And the events which have been alluded to, in this sermon, are preserved in the annals of history which testifies them word by word and sentence by sentence. If the same events, which are related by history, are recounted by Amir-ul-Momineen(AS), then what is the ground for denying them? If the memory of discouraging circumstances faced by him, soon after the death of The Prophet (AS), appeared unpalatable to him, it should not be surprising. No doubt, this sermon hits at the prestige of certain personalities and gives a setback to the faith and belief in them but this cannot be sustained by denying the sermon to be the Amir-ul-Momineen’s(AS) utterance unless the true events are analyzed and truth enveiled; otherwise just denying it to be Amir-ul-Momineen’s(AS) utterance, because it contains disparagement of certain individuals, carries no weight when similar criticism has been related by other historians as well. Thus, (Abu usman)’ Amr ibn Bahr al-Jahiz has recorded the following words of a sermon of Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) and they are not less weighty that the criticism in the “Sermon of ash-shiqshiqiyyah.”


Those two passed away and the third one rose like the crow whose courage is confirmed to the belly. It would have been better if both his wings had been cut and his head severed


Consequently, the idea that it is the production of As-Sayed ar-Razi is far from truth and a result of partisanship and partiality, or else, if it is the result of some research, it should be brought out. Otherwise, remaining in such wishful delusion does not alter the truth, nor can the force of decisive arguments be curbed down by mere disagreement or displeasure.



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