Page 91


This is the belief over which the Imams (AS) of the Prophet’s (AS) family are unanimous, but the majority group has adopted a different course by creating the idea of differentiation between His Self and Attributes. Ash-Sharistani says on page 42 of his book, Kitab-al-milal wa’n-nihal:


Accourding to Abul-Hasan al_Ash’arf , Allah SWT Knows through (the attributes of) Knowledge,is Powerful through Activity , Speaks through Speech, Hears through Hearing and Sees through Sight.


If we regard attributes distinct from Self in this manner, there would be two alternatives; either the attributes must have existed in Him forever or they must have occurred later. In the first case, we have to recognize as many eternal objects, as the attributes, which all will share with Him in being eternal, but “ Allah SWT is above what the people deem Him to have equals.” In the second case, in addition to subjecting Him to the alternations, it would also mean that before the acquiring of the attributes, He was neither scient  (skillful) nor powerful, nor hearer nor beholder and this runs counter to the basic tenet of Islam.


“… Allah SWT hath decreed trade lawful and hath forbidden interest…” (Quran, 2:275)

Translation by Yusuf Ali:

Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Evil one by his touch Hath driven to madness. That is because they say: "Trade is like usury," but Allah hath permitted trade and forbidden usury. Those who after receiving direction from their Lord, desist, shall be pardoned for the past; their case is for Allah (to judge); but those who repeat (The offence) are companions of the Fire: They will abide therein (for ever).


“ And when you have finished the prayer, remember Allah SWT standing and sitting and reclining and when ye are secure(from danger), establish prayer…” Quran 4:103)

Translation by Yusuf Ali:

When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah's praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.


“ O ‘ ye men! eat of what is in the earth, lawful and good and follow not the footsteps of satan; for, he is an open enemy unto you. “ (Quran 2:168)

Translation by Yusuf Ali:

O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, Lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one, for he is to you an avowed enemy.


“ (And ) say thou:  I am only a man like you, it is revealed unto me that your god is but one God, therefore , whosoever desirth to meet his Lord, let him do good deeds and associate not any one in the worship of his Lord.” (Quran 18:110)

Translation by Yusuf Ali:

Say: "I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your Allah is one Allah: whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and, in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner.


“ What! Enjoin ye upon the people righteousness and ye forget your own selves? Yet ye read the scripture? What : do ye not understand? “ (Quran 2:44)

Translation by Yusuf Ali:

Do ye enjoin right conduct on the people, and forget (To practice it) yourselves, and yet ye study the Scripture? Will ye not understand?



2. About the Quran, Amir-al-Momineen(AS) says, that it contains description of the permitted and the forbidden acts such as “Allah SWT has allowed sale and purchase but prohibited usury”


 It clarifies obligatory and optional acts such as “ when you have finished your prayer , remember Allah SWT while  rising , sitting or lying and when you feel safe (from the enemy) then say the prayers (as usual).


Here, prayer is obligatory while other forms of remembering Allah SWT are optional. It has repealing and repealed verses such as about the period of seclusion after husband’s death “four months and ten days” or the repealed one such as “ till one year without going out” which shows that this period of seclusion should be one year. In particular places, it permits the forbidden, such as “whoever is compelled without being willfully wrongful or transgressor, commits no sins”


It has positive injunctions, such as ‘One should not add anyone with Allah SWT in worship.” It has particular and general injunctions. Particular is the one where the word shows generality but the sense is limited, such as, “I have made you superior over worlds, O’ Bani Isra’il”


Here, the sense of “worlds” is confined to that particular time, although the word is general in its literal meaning. The general injunctions is the one which is extensive in meaning, such as “ Allah SWT has Knowledge of everything.” It has lessons and illustrations, such as “Allah SWT caught him in the punishment of this world and the next, and there is lesson in it”


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Comments (1)

  1. paboy1949

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    March 22, 2017