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                12) As-Sayed Razi ad-Din Abu’l-Qasim ‘Ali ibn Musa ibn Tawus al-Husayni al-Hulli (d. 664 A.H) has related this sermon from Kitab al-Ghardi with the following chain of authorities:


                This sermon was related to us by Mohammed ibn Yusuf who related it from Hasan ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd al-Karim az-Za’farani and he from Mohammed ibn Zakariyyah al-Ghallabi and he from Ya’qub ibn Ja’far ibn Sulayman and he from his father and he from his grandfather and he from ibn-Abbas ( Translation of at-Tara’if; p:202).


                13) Shaykh at-Taifah Mohammed ibn Hasan at-Tusi (d.460 A.H) writes:


                (Abu’l Fath Hilal ibn Mohammed ibn Ja’far) al-Haffar related this sermon to us. He related it from Abu’l-Qasim (Ismail ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Ali) ad-Di’bili and he from his father and he from his brother Di’bili(ibn ‘Ali al-Kuza’i) ans he from Mohammed ibn Salamah ash-Shami and he from Zurarah ibn A’yan and he from Abu Ja’far Mohammed ibn ‘Ali (ash-Shaykh as-Saduq) and he from ibn-Abbas(Al-Amali; p:237).


                14) Ash-Shaykh al-Mufid (Mohammed ibn Mohammed ibn an-Nu’man (d.413 A.H)) who was the teacher of as-Sayed ar-Razi , writes about the chain of authorities of this sermon:


                A number of relatives of traditions have related this sermon from ibn-Abbas through numerous chains (al-Irshad; p:135).


                15) ‘Alam al-Huda (emblem of guidance) as-Sayed al-Murtaza who was the elder brother of as-Sayed ar-Razi has recorded it on pp: 203-204 of his book ash-Shafi.


                16) Abu Mansur at-Tabarsi writes:


                A number of relaters have given an account of this sermon from ibn-Abbas through various chains. Ibn-Abbas said that he was in the audience of Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) at ar-Rahbah (a place in Kufah) when conversation turned to caliphate and those who had preceded him as caliphs when Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) breathed a sigh and delivered this sermon (al-Ihtijaj; p:101).


                17) Abu’l Muzaffar Yusuf ibn ‘Abdillah and Sibi ibn al-Jawzi al-Hanafi (d.654 A.H) writes:


                Our ash-Shaykh, Abu’l-Qasim an-Nafis al-Anbari related this sermon to us through his chain of authorities that ends with ibn-Abbas who said that after allegiance had been paid to Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) as caliph, he was sitting on the pulpit when a man from the audience enquired why he had remained quiet till then, whereupon Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) delivered this sermon ex-tempore (Tazakarat  Khawass al-ummah; p:73).


                18) Al-Qazi Ahmed ibn Mohammed , ash-Shihab al-Khafaji (d. 1069 A.H) writes with regard to its authenticity:


                It is stated in the utterances of Amir-ul-Momineen(AS) that “ It is strange during life time that he (Abu baker) wanted to give up the caliphate but he strengthened its foundation for the other one after his death” (Sharh durrat al-ghawwas; p:17).


                19) Ash-Shaykh ‘Ala ad-Dawah as-Simnani writes:


                Amir-ul-Momineen  Sayyid al-Arifin  Ali (AS) has stated in one of his brilliant sermon “this is the shiqshiqah that burst forth.” (ah-Urwah li ahl al-khawah wa’l-jalwah;p:3, manuscript in Nasiriah Library, Lukhnow, India).


                20) Abu’l Fadi Ahmed ibn Mohammed al-Maydani (d. 518 A.H) has written in connection with the word shiqshiqah:


                One sermon of Amir-ul-Momineen Ali(AS) is known as Khutbah ash-Shiqshiqiyyah (the sermon of the camel’s foam) (Majma al-amsal; vol:1; p:369).


                21) In fifteen places in an-Nihayah , while explaining the words of this sermon, Abu’s-Sa’ddat Mubarak ibn Mohammed ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (d. 606 A.H) has acknowledged it to be utterance of Amir-ul-Momineen(AS).


                22) Shaykh Mohammed Tahir Patni, while explaining the same words in Majma ‘bihar al-anwar, testifies this sermon to be Amir-ul-Momineen’s(AS) by saying “ Ali(AS) says so…”


                23) Abu’l Fazl ibn Manzue (d.711 A.H) has acknowledged it as Amir-ul-Momineen’s (AS) utterance in Lisan al-Arab; vol: 12; p: 54, by saying. “In the sayings of Ali(AS), in his sermon ‘It is the camel’s foam that burst forth then subsided .’ “


                24) Majdu’d-Din al-Firuz ‘abadi (d.816/817 A.H) has recorded under the word “Shiqshiqah” in his lexicon (al-Qamus; vol: 3; p: 251):


                Khutbah ash-Shiqshiqiyyah is by Ali(AS), so named because , when ibn-Abbas asked him to resume it where he had left it, he said, “O’ ibn-Abbas ! it was the foam of a camel that burst forth , then subsided.”


                25) The compiler of Muntahd al-adab writes:


                Khutbah ash-Shiqshiqiyyah of Ali(AS) is attributed to Ali(AS).


                26) Ash-Shaykh Mohammed ‘Abduh, Mufti of Egypt, recognizing it as Amir-ul-Momineen’s(AS) utterance, has written its explanations.


                27) Mohammed Muhyi’d-Din ‘Abd al-Hamid,  professor in the faculty of Arabic language , al-Azhar university has  written annotation on Nahulbalagha , adding a foreword in the beginning wherein he recognizes all such sermons which contain disparaging remarks to be utterances of Amir-ul-Momineen(AS).


                In the face of these evidences and undeniable proofs, is there any scope to hold that it is not Amir-ul-Momineen’s(AS) production and that as-Sayed ar-Razi prepared it himself?



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Comments (1)

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  2. alexisthompson

    I don’t even know about that much even though u am Muslim so that’s for sharing things about the family line and it was great knowing because that way you learn about the relationship between them and about the predecessor.

    June 28, 2017