Page 65

The code which he laid down for selection and enrollment of judges shows that he took care of even minute requirements of the post and positions. It says:- 1. Only such a persons should be selected ,who are well versed in Muslim Law and know enough...

Page 64

Judicature: The principle of keeping independent of, and ,over and above the executive, administrative and military sections of the state was the main factor of the reforms introduced by him. He was very particular about this. So much so, that...

Page 63

The first liability on the state exchequer was the army department. Every governor of the province besides being chief finance officer of the province, was the commander of the army placed under him. When officers could not be found to look after the...

Page 62

Impartiality and equity were the key-notes of his policy of wealth . At the centre (Koofa), he often supervised the distribution himself; after the work was over and accounts cleared , he would say prayers in the treasury and thank his Lord that he...

Page 61

Income from the source of Zakath and Sadaquath was reserved for the following heads: A. Administration of the departments of collection and distribution. B. Grants, donations and aids to poor, have-nots, orphans , aged widows and disabled...

Page 60

Land survey was carried out by him whenever necessary. Every tax payer had the right to appeal an an appellate jurisdiction was brought into force. Officers for this court of appeal were directly appointed by Hazarath Ali(A.S). He was the first man...

Page 59

His Reforms: But Ali(A.S), with sincerity of purpose , tried to do what he had promised; that is to raise the mental uplift of masses. The first thing was the consolidation of the state. This, he, successfully carried out against very heavy odds....

Page 58

He knew fully well the reasons of their persistent supplications for his rulership; they had been very badly treated by the malevolent, cruel and oppressive regime; the ruling class had insulted them and had always refused to listen to their...

Page 57

Thus closed the last chapter of the history of a life which , from the beginning to its end, was full of noble deeds, pious thoughts and sublime words and every hour of which was a crowded hour of a glorious life. ” Had Ali(A.S) been allowed to reign...

Page 56

By the time he got complete control over those problems and could organize an army to liberate Syria and Egypt from the reign of terror which had held them in its  sway, the fateful month of Ramazan 40 A.H. arrived. 40th A.H. It was the 19th of...

Page 55

The men who had been, with ulterior motives, most clamorous at Siffeen , for the reference to arbitration, when felt that their hopes could not be realized, repudiated the arbitration and denounced it as sinful. They openly mutinied against Hazarath...

Page 54

This battle started on the 1st Safar 38 A.H. and lasted for more than two months. During this period, about 18 encounters took place. In the beginning, with his usual humanity , Hazarath Ali(A.S) endeavored to bring about a peaceful settlement. But...

Page 53

After settling Chaldea and Mesopatenisce , Hazarath Ali(A.S) was forced to march towards Syria to face moavia’s forces at a place called Siffeen. The books noted above  and Simon D. Aucklay, in ‘History of the Saracens’ , give a detailed account of...

Page 52

The victory gave Ali(A.S) , time to consolidate his kingdom in Hijaz,Iraq and Egypt and, according to Masudi, with honesty of purpose , which always distinguished him, he disregarded all advises for temporizing. Several of his advisers counselled him...

Page 51

Eric Schroeder in ‘Mohammed’s(A.S) People’, printed in England, 1955, says, ” Five days after the murder of caliph oosman, the people gathered together and decided : ‘We know no fitter man to be Imam than Ali(A.S), but will he  take the burden...

Page 50

The people who were furious against the caliph were:- 1. Talha: He played an important role in the siege and stoppage of water . He was commanding the group of the people who were bent upon killing oosman and on that account, marwan killed him in...

Page 49

1st Muharram 24 A.H. Justice Syed Ameer Ali, in his book , ” A short history of the Saracen” , page 45, says , “…that the choice of electorate fell upon oosman, a member of the ummaiyides family ( First Muharram, 24 A.H, the 7th November 644 A.D)....

Page 48

From 11 A.H. to 33 A.H. At his death, abu baker nominated omer as his successor to the caliphate and omer , on his death had appointed a board of six members to select his successor; the board consisted (1) abdul rehman ibne oaf,  (2)...

Page 47

Only one case I want to relate , which shows , in what high esteem, Ali(A.S) held, the value of the knowledge acquired, collected and preserved by man in fields of philosophy, science, history, geography and ethics. Following authors give a...

Page 46

During the caliphate of abu baker and more often during the time of omer, wheneverAli’s(A.S) advice was asked for, he, like a true Muslim, offered it sincerely. Though Bani Hashim were never given any place of honor in the government ,...

Page 45

The account of the last day of her life clearly show what kind of a lady was this daughter of the Holy Prophet(A.S) . She told the household that she was feeling better; the pain in her ribs and in her hand was not so severe and that her fever had...

Page 44

According to the famous Arab philosopher, mathematician and physician Ave Sena (Bu Ali Sena) , Hazarath Ali (A.S) and the Holy Quran were the two miracles ofMohammed (A.S), the Apostle of God. Life of Hazarath Ali(A.S) at every stage was a mirror like...

Page 43

When Ali(A.S) with Bani Hashim were busy with the last rites of the burial of the Apostle of God, some Mohajirs and Ansars gathered at ‘Saqueefa’ and decided that abu baker be the first caliph. Hazarath Ali (A.S) was asked to accede to this decision....

Page 42

Last moments and the last rites of the Holy Prophet(A.S): Allama Mohammed-ibne-Sa’d, in his famous book, Thabaquath( Vol. II, section 2, pages 51 and 61), relates that during the caliphate of omer, once, the famous jew,Ka’b-ul-Akbar ( who later...

Page 41

11th A.H. The year 11th A.H was the saddest year of Hazarath Ali’s(A.S) life. He lost two of his best friends. One of whom he loved and venerated like a father, like a master and like the dearest friend; the Holy Prophet(A.S), who died during the...