Page 104

          4. When oomer was wounded by Abu Lu ‘lu ‘ah and he saw that it was difficult for him to survive because of the deep wound, he formed a consultative committee and nominated for it, Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS), oosman ibn affan, abd ar-rehman ibn...

Page 103

          When the election by those in authority proved futile, it was given up and only “ might is right” became the criteria, namely, whoever subdues others and binds them under his sway and control, is accepted as the caliph of the Prophet(AS)and...

Page 102

          The question now is what that course of action was. If it is taken to be the consensus of the opinion of the community, then it cannot truly take place; as in such consensus, acquiescence of every individual is necessary ; but taking into...