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NAHJUL BALAGHA Selection from Sermons, Letters and Sayings of Amir-ul-Momineen , Ali-ibn-Abi Talib (A.S)   Sermon 1 In this sermon, he recalls the creation of Earth and Sky and the birth of Adam. Praise is due to Allah SWT, Whose...

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By giving his own personal malice, the garb of fundamental differences, man not only deceives others, but also tries to keep himself under deception; and in these conditions, such a delicate situation arises that man fails to distinguish and separate...

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And his bravery and courage was such that the onslaught of armies could not shake the firmness of his foot with the result that he achieved success in every encounter and even the “bravest” fighter could not save his life in an encounter with him....

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NOTES   1. Al-Farazdaq , whose name was Hammam Ibn Ghalib , belonged o the tribe of Bani Darim and was a notable poet. He was generally at loggerheads with another Arab poet named Jarir Ibn ‘Atiyyah and they showed their merit only in mutual...

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Even then, none could equal him and so the credit for being the first and foremost remained with him because his utterances are those that carry the reflection of Divine Knowledge and savour of the Holy Prophet’s (A.S) utterances. Accordingly, I...

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PREFACE By the compiler of Nahjul Balagha, Al-Allamah Ash-Sharif Ar-Razi. In the Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.                 So now, praise is due to Allah SWT, Who has held praise as the price of His...

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Shia commentators: 1. Allama Syed Ali-ibne-Nasir (about 450 A.H). He was contemporary of Syed Razi. 2. The famous Shia Mujtahid, theologian and philosopher Allama Qutub-ud-din-e-Ravendee. His commentary is named Minhaj-ul-Bra’ah. 3....

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As he was collecting from a pile of books and manuscripts on various subjects, he had come across those books at various periods of his work, naturally, there could not be any chronological order in his collection. The sermons which are supposed to be...

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At the age of twenty, his merit was recognized and respected by all of them and even Shaikh Mofeed regarded this young man as his equal. He died young at the age of forty five or forty seven years but during this short period of time, he had...

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The Compiler And Some Commentators The last compiler of the Sermons, Letters, Orders and Sayings of Hazarath Ali(A.S) was Syed Razi. His was the compilation which came down to us in its entire form through ten centuries. He named this...

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                Thus guiding us to the problem of man in respect of self, he leads us towards the solution of problem pertaining to man versus man. In a letter to Imam Hasan (A.S), he says, “My dear son, so far as your behavior with other human beings...

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The freedom of human will, based on the doctrine that man would be judged by the use he had made of his reason , was inculcated in the teachings of the Holy Prophet (A.S) along with an earnest belief in the Supreme power ruling the universe. Hazarath...

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  Next to sincere faith in the Unity of Allah SWT and the apostle hood of Holy Prophet (A.S), he lays great stress on piety. He wants us to realize that piety is not a juicy model to be swallowed easily nor it is a dip in river to clean all dirt...

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How correctly Hazarath Ali(A.S) taught us that a man without mind is not a man and mind without religion is worst that the instinct of a beast , more harmful , more dangerous and more carnivorous. Devotion without understanding will not bring the...

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Hazarath Ali(A.S) and Philosophy of Religion A man enters a garden laid out in to beautiful flower beds artistically and aesthetically arranged. Flowers in each bed have been grown by persons who know the art and science of it. The beauty of...

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Central and Provincial Secretariat and Subordinate Offices: Hazarath Ali (A.S) has laid down a code for the officers of the state which covers every aspect of their duties and obligations. It is embodied in the form of a letter (Letter No.53,...

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The code which he laid down for selection and enrollment of judges shows that he took care of even minute requirements of the post and positions. It says:- 1. Only such a persons should be selected ,who are well versed in Muslim Law and know enough...

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Judicature: The principle of keeping independent of, and ,over and above the executive, administrative and military sections of the state was the main factor of the reforms introduced by him. He was very particular about this. So much so, that...

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The first liability on the state exchequer was the army department. Every governor of the province besides being chief finance officer of the province, was the commander of the army placed under him. When officers could not be found to look after the...

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Impartiality and equity were the key-notes of his policy of wealth . At the centre (Koofa), he often supervised the distribution himself; after the work was over and accounts cleared , he would say prayers in the treasury and thank his Lord that he...

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Income from the source of Zakath and Sadaquath was reserved for the following heads: A. Administration of the departments of collection and distribution. B. Grants, donations and aids to poor, have-nots, orphans , aged widows and disabled...

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Land survey was carried out by him whenever necessary. Every tax payer had the right to appeal an an appellate jurisdiction was brought into force. Officers for this court of appeal were directly appointed by Hazarath Ali(A.S). He was the first man...

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His Reforms: But Ali(A.S), with sincerity of purpose , tried to do what he had promised; that is to raise the mental uplift of masses. The first thing was the consolidation of the state. This, he, successfully carried out against very heavy odds....

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He knew fully well the reasons of their persistent supplications for his rulership; they had been very badly treated by the malevolent, cruel and oppressive regime; the ruling class had insulted them and had always refused to listen to their...

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Thus closed the last chapter of the history of a life which , from the beginning to its end, was full of noble deeds, pious thoughts and sublime words and every hour of which was a crowded hour of a glorious life. ” Had Ali(A.S) been allowed to reign...